Referee Test Welcome to the Referee Test! This 2021 online Referee Test is Phase I of the USA Pickleball Referee Training/Certification program. It tests your knowledge of the USA Pickleball/IFP Official Tournament Rulebook and the USA Pickleball officiating best practice procedures contained in the 2021 Officiating Handbook. It is recommended that you study these training materials prior to taking the test. As a prerequisite for the Referee Certification program, you must achieve a passing score of 90% or better on this test. The test consists of 75 questions with a 60-minute time limit. The 75 questions are drawn from a pool of 145+ questions. The questions are shuffled at the beginning of each test, so no two tests are exactly the same. In addition, new questions are frequently added. Pick a time to take the quiz when you can complete all the questions without interruption because the test will automatically close after 60 minutes. The test will also close when you click the "Submit" button at the end of the test, so answer all questions before submitting. Upon completion, your score will be displayed along with your answers and the correct answer for each question you answered incorrectly. You will also receive a follow-up email showing your test score. Note: If a test question has a "NEW in 2021" notation, this refers to either a new rule being added, or that an existing rule was revised Good luck! First Name Last Name Email Contact Phone USA Pickleball Member # 1. (#94) (NEW in 2021)After the serve, if players suspect a ball is broken or cracked, play must continue until the end of the rally.TrueFalse2. (#1) (NEW in 2021)Players may carry the ball on the paddle face on the serve.True.False.3. (#134) (NEW in 2021)When a rally is over, a player may appeal an opponent's line call to the referee until what point in time?A. Before the next serve occursB. Before the complete score is called to start the next rallyC. Before the server starts their service motionD. After the next serve occurs, but before the return of serve4. (#5) (NEW in 2021)After game 1 has ended, Team A changes their starting server (and form of identification) but does not inform the referee or the opponents of the change. At the start of game 2, Team A serves the ball to start the game with the player wearing the form of identification. Should a fault be called?Yes. Team A MUST give a notification about the starting server change.No. It is not a fault just because Team A did not give a notification.5. (#45)A player standing outside the non-volley zone (NVZ) volleys the ball, but begins to lose her balance. To prevent stepping into the NVZ, she jumps over the corner and into the out of bounds area, then touches a net post after the ball was dead. A fault should be called.True.False.6. (#108) (NEW in 2021)In a 2-out-of-3 match, if a team commits 2 technical warnings and a technical foul (listed in 13.G.2), the match shall be forfeited.True.False.7. (#129) (NEW in 2021)It is a fault if a wheelchair player does not return the ball before it bounces 3 times. The first bounce must be in the court, but the location of the remaining bounces are not specified.True.False.8. (#8) (NEW in 2021)A ball in play that contacts a permanent object after it has bounced on the opponent's court will result in a dead ball and the player who hit the ball shall win the rally.TrueFalse9. (#142)A player steps into the non-volley zone with her left foot and then jumps off the ground to hit a volley. Her right foot then lands outside the NVZ, but her left foot is still in the air when she volleys. This is a legal volley because only the foot that touches the NVZ is required to reestablish outside the zone before the volley strike.TrueFalse10. (#31) (NEW in 2021)Any decision or ruling by a referee, including a judgment call, may be appealed by a player to the head referee or tournament director.TrueFalse11. (#23)Once the game has begun, except during time-outs, any communication between a player and any person not on the court, if determined by the referee to be coaching, shall result in a technical warning to the offending player or team and a verbal warning to spectators. If the communication occurs a second time, it shall result in a technical foul.True.False.12. (#24)Any malfunction of a net system during play shall be considered a hinder.True.False.13. (#67)A referee may issue an immediate Technical Foul for Extreme Coaching.True.False.14. (#15)If a served ball hits the net and lands on the non-volley zone line, it is considered a "Let" and a replay will be called.True.False.15. (#75) (NEW in 2021)After the rally has ended, if a line judge shows the blocked signal, the referee may immediately make a call if they clearly saw the ball land. The referee must wait for a player appeal before the remaining line judges may be asked to make a call.True.False.16. (#6) (NEW in 2021)In a match with line judges, if the officiating team cannot make a line call, a replay shall be called. The 2020 section stating "unless all players agree that the ball was "out" has been removed.True.False.17. (#104)The instant after the ball is served, the server is allowed to step on the baseline or court.TrueFalse18. (#9) (NEW in 2021)"Let" serve replays have been removed. If the referee calls a "let" on the serve, it is a referee error and a replay shall be called.TrueFalse19. (#72) (NEW in 2021)When the Drop Serve is used, there is no rule stating the ball must be served before the second bounce.TrueFalse20. (#13)A serve landing on any service court line, except the non-volley zone line, should be considered in-play and must be returned by the receiving team.True.False.21. (#88) (NEW in 2021)A referee shall call a fault if a player calls "time-out" after the service motion has started but before the serve occurs.TrueFalse22. (#63) (NEW in 2021)Players may overrule line calls to their own disadvantage. This includes the overrule of the opponent, line judges, and even their partner. This includes an overrule of a referee's clear "in" or "out" call.TrueFalse23. (#22)When a player faults by hitting the ball into their own side of the net and the ball does not cross over the net, when does the fault occur?A. When the ball first touches the netB. When the ball hits the groundC. When the ball bounces twice on the ground24. (#25)During the serve, when the ball is struck, the server's feet shall not touch the area outside the imaginary extension of the sideline or the centerline, or touch the court, including the baseline.True.False.25. (#39) (NEW in 2021)The definition of Third Shot specifies that it is the point in time when the ball is hit. A completely missed (ball does not contact the paddle) Third Shot attempt does not meet the requirement of a Third Shot.True.False.26. (#59)Players are responsible for line calls on their side of the net. If the opponents hit a ball close to a line, the player or team that is supposed to make the line call may appeal to the referee without first making a call. Once they appeal to the referee, they lose the right to make any subsequent "in" or "out" call for that rally.TrueFalse27. (#50)Per the Officiating Handbook, when is a referee allowed to use "common sense" on judgments made during a match?A. Never. Judgments should always be based on the rules alone.B. Only to address situations not expressly covered by the rulebook or handbook.C. For all judgment calls.28. (#101) (NEW in 2021)After the rally has ended, if a line judge shows the blocked signal, the referee may immediately make a call. The referee may also canvass the remaining line judges to help make the call. The referee does not have to wait on a player's appeal to canvass the remaining line judges.TrueFalse29. (#66)Per the Officiating Handbook, which statements are true? 1. A referee should refrain from making derogatory comments about players on social media. 2. A referee should refrain from making complimentary comments about players on social media.A. 1 is True; 2 is FalseB. Both statements are False.C. Both statements are True.30. (#30) (NEW in 2021)In a 2-out-of-3 match, a referee may impose a game forfeit when a player fails to report to play 10 minutes after the match has been called. A match forfeit may be imposed when a player fails to report to play 15 minutes after the match has been called.TrueFalse31. (#60) (NEW in 2021)If a player makes an initial "out" line call and then (out of good sportsmanship) asks for the opponent's opinion, which of the following are true? (Assume no referee overrule)A. Opponent's clear "out" call will stand.B. Opponent's clear "in" call will stand.C. If opponent can't make a clear call, the player's initial "out" call will stand.D. All of the above.32. (#95)Midway through game 2, the partners swing their paddles at the ball at the same time and one player's finger gets hit by his partner's paddle and is injured. After a fifteen-minute medical time-out, the injured player says he believe he can still play. The ref calls time-in and calls the score. The injured player then uses one of their time-outs. Should the referee allow the time-out?Yes.No.33. (#113) (NEW in 2021)When a server uses the Drop Serve, the receiver may call for a replay if they did not see the release of the ball. The "call for a replay" must happen before the receiver returns the serve.TrueFalse34. (#2)If a served ball touches the net and then hits the receiver's partner, who is clearly standing outside of receiver's service area, what is the call?A. Replay.B. Fault on the server.C. Serving team wins the point.35. (#46)A ball is hit at an angle, bounces in the court, and travels beyond the sidelines. The receiver manages to return the ball, hitting a low shot (below net level) around and outside the post into the opponent’s court. This is a legal hit and the ball remains in play.True.False.36. (#148) (NEW in 2021)The referee calls an incorrect score. The server serves, receiver returns the serve and the server hits the third shot. Immediately after hitting the third shot, the server raises and waves his hand (effectively stopping play) and yells, "Hey you called the wrong score!" as the receiving team is about the play the ball. In this situation, the referee could call a fault on the serving team for stopping play after the third shot had occurred.True.False.37. (#54)When the wrong receiver is setup to return the serve, the referee shall call an illegal receiver fault when the ball is served.True.False.38. (#79) (NEW in 2021)Referees shall call illegal carry faults immediately.True.False.39. (#105) (NEW in 2021)In 2-out-of-3 matches, 3 technical warnings ("3 strikes") equates to a game forfeit. In a single game to 15, the game forfeit is the same as the match forfeit.TrueFalse40. (#40) (NEW in 2021)At the beginning of the service motion, both feet must be behind the baseline and the imaginary extension of the baseline.TrueFalse41. (#58)The incorrect receiver is set and ready to receive serve. Immediately after the serve is hit, the correct receiver runs over and returns the serve after it has bounced. This is a fault because the incorrect receiver was in the receiver position at the time the serve occurred.True.False.42. (#10) (NEW in 2021)Players may start their service motion before the score has been called in it's entirety.TrueFalse43. (#69) (NEW in 2021)After game 1, Team A receives a technical foul. Team B will start serving game 2 with a score of "1-0-2". The starting server for Team B should start the game serving from the left-hand court.True.False.44. (#107)It is a fault if a player, while in the act of volleying, collides with their partner, and the momentum created as a result of the volley, causes the partner to enter into the non-volley zone.TrueFalse45. (#4)Any player may indicate "Not Ready" prior to the start of the score being called.True.False.46. (#57)A player is hitting a two-handed stroke (where both hands are in contact with the paddle) when his right hand is hit by the ball below the wrist. The ball is still in play.True.False.47. (#150) A player makes an "out" call but then asks her partner if he agrees with the call. The partner says he did not clearly see the ball land. Since the partner did not state that the ball was "in", this does not constitute "creating doubt" and the initial "out" call of the player will standTrue.False.48. (#18)To be considered legal, a serve must be made so that contact with the ball is not made above waist level, the arm must be moving in an upward arc and the paddle head must not be higher than the server's wrist when it strikes the ball. (Drop Serve exception noted)True.False.49. (#118)After game 1, Team A commits a technical foul. Team A will serve first for game 2 with a score of "0-1-2". Which player on Team B should receive serve?Starting server ("Band") player.Starting server's partner ("No-band") player.50. (#146) (NEW in 2021)When using the Dual Referee Option (2 Ref System) if the lead referee cannot clearly make a line call, they should always solicit the opinion of the 2nd referee.True.False.51. (#53) (NEW in 2021)The referee calls the incorrect score. The server serves, the receiver returns, and the server's partner swings but completely misses the third shot attempt. Since there was no actual third shot that occurred, players may challenge the incorrectly called score up until the next serve occurs without incurring a penalty.True.False.52. (#149) (NEW in 2021)The referee calls the incorrect score. The server serves the ball long which lands outside the court. The receiver then states that the referee had called the wrong score. Even though the receiving team won the rally, the incorrect score call challenge shall dictate a replay from the referee.True.False.53. (#37)The receiver or server's partner may stand anywhere on or off their team's side of the court.True.False.54. (#52) (NEW in 2021)After the score is called, if the serving team changes service courts, the referee shall call "Time" and allow all players to reposition. If the server serves before the referee starts to recall the score, a fault should not be called.TrueFalse55. (#12) (NEW in 2021)For all serves, at the time the ball is struck, the server's feet may not touch the court or outside the imaginary extension of the sideline or the centerline and both feet must be on the playing surface or ground behind the baseline.TrueFalse56. (#43)A player is allowed to reach under the net to play a ball that has bounced back over the net. Which of the following are true?A. The ball must have crossed back over the plane of the net before the player can cross the plane.B. The hitting player may not touch the opponent's court or the net system while the ball is still live.C. If the player does not touch the ball, the team that hit the ball wins the rally.D. All of the above.57. (#28) (NEW in 2021)When a player aggressively or recklessly throws their paddle in anger or frustration, depending on the level of severity, either a technical foul or match forfeit may be given to the offender.TrueFalse58. (#100) (NEW in 2021)Players may overrule a referee's line call if it is to their own team's disadvantage.TrueFalse59. (#27)If you do not make an initial line call and then ask your opponent's opinion if a ball was “in” or “out,” you must accept their opinion. Once you ask the opponent's opinion, you lose any right to make a subsequent "in" or "out" call for that rally.TrueFalse60. (#143)Per the referee handbook, would a father be allowed to referee a match with his sons as players?A. Never. You cannot referee a family memberB. Yes, but only if no other referees are availableC. Yes, if the sons were on opposite teamsD. Yes if the sons were playing in different skill brackets61. (#51) (NEW in 2021)When the referee calls the score, the 10-second count begins. If the server asks if they are the correct server, the referee should stop play, answer the question and recall the score and begin a new 10-second count.TrueFalse62. (#145)In a match to 21, teams have 3 time-outs available.True.False.63. (#17)It is not a fault if the server misses the ball when trying to serve as long as the serve occurs before the 10-second count expires.True.False.64. (#41)If a player receives 3 technical warnings during a match, the referee shall always impose a forfeiture of the match.True.False.65. (#131) (NEW in 2021)When using the Dual Referee Option (2 Ref System), which of the following statements are true?A. Both referees watch both non-volley zones at all times.B. Each referee should not be assigned to watch a particular non-volley zone.C. The 2nd referee should immediately call any NVZ or plane of the net violation when it occurs.D. The 2nd referee should also immediately call service foot faults and short serve violation.E. Lead ref will focus on server's motion/release, 2nd ref will focus on server's feet.F. All of the above.66. (#55) (NEW in 2021)The serve hits the net and lands in the correct receiver's court. The receiver returns the ball and the receiver's partner (out of habit) yells "Let" just as the server is about to hit the third shot. The referee notices that when "Let" was yelled, the server flinched just before he hit the third, which went into the net. What should the referee do if the referee determines that the server was distracted when the opponent yelled "Let"?A. Call for a replay.B. Let the rally stand.C. Call a distraction fault on the receiving team.67. (#42) (NEW in 2021)The server may start their service motion during the calling of the score. The server may NOT serve the ball until the score has been completely called.TrueFalse68. (#80) (NEW in 2021)Other than non-volley zone violations, faults may only be committed when the ball is live and in-play.TrueFalse69. (#138) (NEW in 2021)After a match has ended, if an incorrect server or incorrect server position is discovered, the error may be corrected until what point in time?A. Before the scoresheet is signed.B. Before all players leave the court.C. Before the referee leaves the court.D. Before the scoresheet is returned to the tournament operation's desk.70. (#56) (NEW in 2021)There is no rule preventing a server from using either style of serving (regular or Drop Serve) at any point during a match. There is no rule stating that the server must give a notification when and if they switch serving styles.TrueFalse71. (#141)An athletic player runs fast toward the net and jumps to hit a volley. The jumping player volleys a shot towards the opponent. The paddle flies out of the hitter's hand and eventually lands in the opponent's court. Before the paddle landed, the ball grazes the shoulder of the opponent. Assuming no distraction happened, the player who volleyed did not commit a fault.True. The ball was dead before the paddle landed.False. Landing in the opponent's court has no time limit attached.72. (#91)A player standing behind the non-volley zone line stretches low to return the ball before it bounces. After starting her swing, her paddle scrapes the NVZ court surface just before making contact with the ball. This is a fault because the paddle touched the non-volley zone during the swing.TrueFalse73. (#20) (NEW in 2021)During the mid-game, end change time-out, coaching is allowed.TrueFalse74. (#19)When a time-out is called, the referee should advise all players to place their paddles on the court.True.False.75. (#48)Per the rulebook, in doubles play when making a line call, which of the following phrases confirm that doubt exists?A. Player says "out" and partner says "in".B. Player says "out" and partner says "I'm not sure."C. Player says "out" and partner says, "I don't know."D. All of the above.You have come to the end of the Referee Test. If you would like to return to any questions to review your answers, please use the “Previous” buttons at the bottom of each page. If you are ready to submit the test, please click the “Submit” button below. Time is Up!