Pickleball Court Dimensions
For a PDF copy of the above diagram, click here
For Additional Information on Court Dimensions, see the Official USA Pickleball/IFP Rulebook
For Court Construction Details, see the ASBA/USAPA Construction Manual
A. Court Specifications
The dimensions and measurements for the standard pickleball court are:
A.1. The court shall be a rectangle 20 feet wide (6.10 m) and 44 feet long (13.41 m) for both singles and doubles matches.
A.2. A total playing area 30 feet wide (9.14 m) and 60 feet long (18.28 m) is the minimum size that is recommended. A preferred 10-foot (3.05-m) surrounding margin measures 40 feet (12.19 m) by 64 feet (19.51 m).
A.3. Court measurements shall be made to the outside of the perimeter and non-volley zone lines. All lines should be 2 inches (5.08 cm) wide and the same color, clearly contrasting with the color of the playing surface.
B. Lines and Areas
The lines and areas of the standard pickleball court are:
B.1. Baselines. The baselines are the lines parallel to the net at each end of the court.
B.2. Sidelines. The sidelines are the lines perpendicular to the net on each side of the court.
B.3. Non-Volley Zone (NVZ). The area of the court on either side of the net bounded by a line (non-volley zone line) parallel to and 7 feet (2.13 m) from the net and the two sidelines. All NVZ lines are part of the NVZ.
B.4. Centerline. The line down the center of the court on either side of the net extending from the NVZ to the baseline separating the odd and even courts.
B.5. Service Court. The area beyond the NVZ on either side of the centerline, including the centerline, sideline, and baseline.
C. Net Specifications
C.1. Material. The net may be made of any mesh fabric material that will not allow a ball to pass through it.
C.2. Size. The net length should be at least 21 feet 9 inches (6.63 m) extending from one post to the other. The net height from the bottom edge of the net to the top should be at least 30 inches.
C.3. Height. The net shall be suspended over the center of the court. The top shall be 36 inches (91.44 cm) high at the sidelines and 34 inches (86.36 cm) high at the center of the court.
C.4. Center Strap. A center strap is recommended for a permanent net and must be placed at the center of the net to enable easy adjustment to the 34-inch (86.36-cm) requirement at center.
C.5. Edge. The top of the net should be edged with a 2-inch (5.08-cm) white tape binding over a cord or cable running through the binding. This binding must rest upon the cord or cable.
C.6. Posts. Net posts should be 22 feet (6.71 m) from the inside of one post to the inside of the other post. The maximum diameter of the net post should be 3 inches (7.62 cm).
Suggestions for Outdoor Courts
Because outdoor courts are exposed to the environment, they require optimal orientation and fencing.
There are two principles that govern the orientation of tennis courts. These are:
- The position of the sun.
- The effects of shadows cast onto the court surface.
It is important to avoid players having to look into the sun when facing the opposite end of the court. As the sun moves from east to west during the day, then a similar orientation of the tennis court must be avoided. The effects of the sun are minimized by adopting a generally north-south orientation, such that the sun is to the side of (or directly overhead) the court. The general principle to follow is that, during times of maximum usage, low elevations of the sun should be avoided behind the server (it should be noted that the sun is at its lowest elevations early and late in the day).
Due to the earth’s precession (tilting of the polar axis), a north-south orientation is not always the best solution. The times of day and the seasons of the year when the court is likely to be used should be considered. For example, an outdoor court may not be heavily used in the middle of the day when the temperature is high. Similarly, some courts are intended for year-round use, while others will only be used in certain seasons. Also, the latitude at which the court is being constructed should be considered, as locations closer to the equator, where play is more likely to take place all year round are more likely to be affected by the low-elevation of the sun in winter. As an example, the following table shows that, at the equator in mid-January, the sun is in the south-west during the late afternoon to early evening period, when it is also low in the sky. Thus, a court in this location in heavy use at this time of year should be oriented north-west to south-east by about 25º.
Fencing has two main purposes:
- To contain the ball within the playing area.
- To provide security.
There are several different types of fencing. The wire type is commonly used because it allows maximum light to pass through and people to see in and out, it’s a relatively cost-effective option, and it contains the ball within the court boundaries (the effectiveness of this will depend in part on the height of the fence).
Fencing should be constructed of (or covered with) rust resistant material, and should be free of protrusions that would increase the risk of injury to players.
Plastic-coated chain-link netting is normally used. The mesh size needs to be sufficiently small to stop the ball going through. The ball is about 65 mm in diameter, so 45 mm or 50 mm mesh is often specified. The mesh should be fixed to the court side of the mounting posts to minimize erratic bounces.
The height of the backstop depends on what is behind it. The minimum fence height is dependent on the location of the court and the problems and dangers associated with the ball going outside of the court confines. A minimum height would normally be 3.0 m, although certain conditions may require something higher, for example, if the court is close to a road or residential area.
The sidestop should be the same height as the backstop for at least 6.0 m from the backstop, with 9.0 m being recommended. Where a sidestop is used, it should not be less than 0.9 m in height.
Enough gates should be installed to allow entrance and exit at both ends of the court, to allow retrieval of balls. There should also be access for
wheelchair players and any required maintenance equipment.
While their primary role is to reduce and/or deflect the effects of wind, they provide a background against which the ball can be seen. Thus, they should be of a sufficiently contrasting color to the ball (see section on color). They also reduce glare and provide privacy. A single color piece of fabric is often used for this purpose.
Tips for any Court Construction Project:
- Be sure the contractor has experience installing and/or painting pickleball courts.
- Be sure to ask for and follow up on references for their past projects.
- Ask about the type of paint they will be using and determine how long it’s covered under warranty.
- At present, modular or tiled court surfaces are not recommended as ball bounce is inconsistent. Test before installation.
- Always review the line specifications and installation of all of the above items BEFORE the contractor begins.
For best practice, USA Pickleball highly recommends those looking for detailed court construction and maintenance information, consider purchasing the ASBA/USAPA Construction Manual