Welcome to the Referee Test! This 2023 online Referee Test is Phase I of the USA Pickleball Referee Training/Certification program. It tests your knowledge of the USA Pickleball Official Tournament Rulebook and the USA Pickleball officiating best practice procedures contained in the 2023 Officiating Handbook. It is recommended that you study these training materials prior to taking the test. As a prerequisite for the Referee Certification program, you must achieve a passing score of 90% or better on this test. The test consists of 75 questions with a 60-minute time limit. The 75 questions are drawn from a pool of 100+ questions. The questions are shuffled at the beginning of each test, so no two tests are exactly the same. In addition, new questions are frequently added. Pick a time to take the quiz when you can complete all the questions without interruption because the test will automatically close after 60 minutes. The test will also close when you click the "Submit" button at the end of the test, so answer all questions before submitting. Upon completion, your score will be displayed along with your answers and the correct answer for each question you answered incorrectly. You will also receive a follow-up email showing your test score. Good luck! First Name Last Name Email Contact Phone USA Pickleball Member # 1. (#56)The rules allow for a "game forfeit" under certain conditions. In a 2-out-of-3 match, if a player takes a valid medical time-out and cannot continue play after the time limit has ended, a game forfeit shall be declared. True. False. 2. (#95) New in 2023."Am I good?" is a valid question that encapsulates both the correct server question and the correct position question. Yes, and the referee should answer both questions. No, the players can only ask correct server/receiver or position questions singularly. 3. (#105)At what point in time can a player/team withdraw from a match? A. Prior to the Referee announcing time-in, 0-0. B. Prior to the first serve. C. Prior to tournament operations starting the bracket. D. Answers A & C. 4. (#154)A player may legally break the plane of the net to hit a ball only after the ball has bounced on that player’s side of the net and traveled back across the net plane to the opponent’s side. True. False. 5. (#141)According to the referee handbook, arguing excessively with an official, player, or spectator can warrant which of the following? A. Verbal warning. B. Technical warning. C. Technical foul. D. Either A or B. 6. (#128)Because a player can become not ready up until the moment you begin calling the score, you should start your score call while looking at the receiver and move your eyes to the server as you call the score (in time to watch the service motion and foot placement). True False 7. (#22)During the serve, when the ball is struck, the server's feet shall not touch the area outside the imaginary extension of the sideline or the centerline, or touch the court, including the baseline. True. False. 8. (#30)Players may not use time-outs or a medical time-out to delay the start of a match. A match cannot begin until all players are present. After the match has started ("Game 1, time-in, 0-0-2") time-outs or a medical time-out may be taken. True. False. 9. (#13)If a served ball hits the net and lands on the non-volley zone line, it is considered a "Let" and a replay will be called. True. False. 10. (#122)A player’s paddle breaks during pre-match warm up. He doesn’t have a spare and asks if he can go to the vendor area to purchase a new paddle. What is your response? A. Yes. B. Yes, but you only have 2 – one minute time-outs available. C. No. D. No, that’s clear across the venue. 11. (#42)Per the Officiating Handbook, when is a referee allowed to use "common sense" on judgments made during a match? A. Never. Judgments should always be based on the rules alone. B. Only to address situations not expressly covered by the rulebook or handbook. C. For all judgment calls. 12. (#21)Any malfunction of a net system during play shall be considered a hinder. True. False. 13. (#51)During a rally, Player A's hat flies off his head and is headed toward the ground. Which statement below is false? A. If a ball in play hits the hat while it is on the ground on Player A side, the rally is still live. B. If the hat lands in Player A NVZ as a result of a volley, it is a fault even if the rally has ended. C. If the hat lands in the opponents NVZ as a result of Player A volley, it is a fault even if the hat lands after the ball was dead. D. If the hat touches the net while the ball is in play, it is a fault. 14. (#90) Referees may eject or expel players for egregious behavior if the behavior happens during the match. True. False. 15. (#96) New in 2023.If the wrong score is called, any player may stop play before the return of serve to correct the score. True. False. 16. (#29) In a match with a referee, after a rally has completed, a player notices that the ball is cracked and steps on it and crushes it. What should the referee do if they saw this happen? Remind players that the referee needs to verify the ball was cracked. Issue a fault on the player. Issue a verbal warning or technical warning to the player. Issue a technical foul to the player. 17. (#156)In a dual-refereed match, a player can appeal directly to the second referee. If that referee saw the ball clearly, he can make a ruling. True. False. 18. (#54)After a rally has ended, the referee holds up her hand indicating that she is about to call the score. The server then serves the ball before the referee starts to call the score. This is a fault. True. False. 19. (#8) Players may start their service motion before the score has been called in its entirety. True False 20. (#130) (New in 2023).The rule that made spin serves illegal (4.A.5) states, “the server shall not impart manipulation or spin on the ball with any part of the body immediately prior to the serve.” This rule applies only to the volley serve since the rules already disallowed imparting upward or downward force on a drop serve. True. False. 21. (#46) There is no rule preventing a server from using either style of serving (Volley or Drop Serve) at any point during a match. There is no rule stating that the server must give a notification when and if they switch serving styles. True False 22. (#112) (New in 2023).The server’s hand that releases the ball on the serve must be bare (except for a bandaid). True. False. 23. (#151) (NEW for 2023).After the completion of game one of a best-of-three game match, the referee should also announce “Time out” in addition to “point”, “game”, game scores, player names "change ends" and “two minutes”. True. False. 24. (#161) (New in 2023).In a doubles match, 2 out of 3 games, only one of the four players is present at the 10-minute mark. All of the appropriate notifications were made for second and/or final call. At 10 minutes, both teams are assessed a game forfeit. At the 15-minute mark, three of the four players have not reported, so both teams are assessed a match forfeit. How is the match winner determined? A. There is no winner and both teams will be scratched from the bracket. B. The Tournament Director, or their designee, will conduct a coin toss to determine the match winner. C. The higher seeded team will be declared the winner. D. The lower seeded team will be declared the winner. 25. (#24)If you do not make an initial line call and then ask your opponent's opinion if a ball was “in” or “out,” you must accept their opinion. Once you ask the opponent's opinion, you lose any right to make a subsequent "in" or "out" call for that rally. True False 26. (#121)Team A arrives late and forfeits the first game in a 2 out of 3 to 11 match. Team A wins the next game. Should the teams switch ends at 6 points into game 3? Yes. No. 27. (#71)It is a fault if a player, while in the act of volleying, collides with their partner, and the momentum created as a result of the volley, causes the partner to enter into the non-volley zone. True. False. 28. (#142)During the pre-match briefing, Team A has won the toss and elected to serve. Which of the following options remains available for Team B? A. Receive. B. End. C. Defer. D. Both B and C. 29. (#86)An athletic player runs fast toward the net and jumps to hit a volley. The jumping player volleys a shot towards the opponent. The paddle flies out of the hitter's hand and eventually lands in the opponent's court. Before the paddle landed, the ball grazes the shoulder of the opponent. Assuming no distraction happened, the player who volleyed did not commit a fault. True. The ball was dead before the paddle landed. False. Landing in the opponents court has no time limit attached. 30. (#73) When using the Drop Serve, the server may not impart any upward or downward force when the ball is released. True False 31. (#76) Other than on the serve, if a ball goes over the net and bounces on the court and then hits the center base, horizontal bar, or gets caught between the net and horizontal bar, a replay shall be called. True. False. 32. (#99) New in 2023.The duration of an equipment time-out is: A. 1-minute. B. 2-minutes. C. A reasonable duration. 33. (#109)A served ball landing on the NVZ line is a fault. True. False. 34. (#33)The receiver's partner or server's partner may stand anywhere on or off their team's end of the court. True. False. 35. (#60) In non-officiated play, the server's partner may call the score if the server is unable to call the score. True False 36. (#162) (New in 2023).A player requests a medical time-out and the referee summons the medical personnel. After several minutes, before medical personnel arrive, the player determines they can continue play. The referee determines that the player is safe to resume play and should do the following: A. Consider the delay a Referee Time-out and resume play per Rule 10.A.5. B. Charge the injured player with a medical time-out and resume play per Rule 10.A.5. C. Charge the injured player with a standard time-out and resume play per Rule 10.A.5. D. Assess a technical warning for delay of game. 37. (#66)Midway through game 2, the partners swing their paddles at the ball at the same time and one player's finger gets hit by his partner's paddle and is injured. After a fifteen-minute medical time-out, the injured player says he believes he can still play. The ref calls time-in and calls the score. The injured player then uses one of their time-outs. Should the referee allow the time-out? Yes. No. 38. (#164) (New in 2023).After the referee has called the score and before the ball is served, one of the receivers says “wait, wait” and the receivers begin talking to each other without saying anything else to the referee. The referee stops play and asks why they said “wait, wait” and is told they needed to talk to each other. No hinder occurred. What should the referee do? A. Call a fault on the receivers for stopping play. B. Allow the receivers to become ready and recall the score. C. Charge the players with a time-out and go through the time-out procedure. D. Assess a technical warning for delay of game if the players have no time-outs remaining. E. Both C and D. 39. (#57) After game 1, Team A receives a technical foul. Team B will start serving game 2 with a score of "1-0-2". The starting server for Team B should start the game serving from the left-hand court. True. False. 40. (#85) After a match has ended, if an incorrect server or incorrect server position is discovered, the error may be corrected until what point in time? A. Before the scoresheet is signed. B. Before all players leave the court. C. Before the referee leaves the court. D. Before the scoresheet is returned to the tournament operations desk. 41. (#16)When a time-out is called, the referee should advise all players to place their paddles on the court. True. False. 42. (#43) When the referee calls the score, the 10-second count begins. If the server asks if they are the correct server, the referee should stop play, answer the question and recall the score and begin a new 10-second count. True False 43. (#145)The score has been called and the server has started his service motion. Just after the server makes contact with the ball, the receiver calls time-out. What does the referee do? A. Grant the time-out and replay the rally. B. Ignore the time-out and continue the rally. C. Fault the receivers and end the rally. 44. (#106)After the start of the score being called, “not ready” signals will be ignored, unless there is a hinder. True. False. 45. (#137)A server uses a volley serve to start the rally. His left shoe slides forward and makes contact with the baseline the instant his paddle makes contact with the ball questionably at his waist. What is the ruling? A. Re-serve due to the questionable height of the ball. B. Re-serve due to the foot touching the baseline. C. Fault for the foot touching the baseline. D. Fault for the questionable height of the ball. 46. (#41) In a high-profile singles gold medal match, the referee determines the receiver should be ready and calls the score to begin the 10-second count. The receiver asks the referee to confirm the score, which the referee does. The referee should stop play, answer the question and recall the score. True. False. 47. (#115)The correct player on the serving team is preparing to serve from the wrong side. The receiving team is correctly positioned based on their score. You call the score and the receiver lined up diagonally across from the server asks, “Am I the correct receiver?” What is your response? Yes. No. No, but you are in the correct position. 48. (#36) The server may start their service motion during the calling of the score. The server may NOT serve the ball until the score has been completely called. True False 49. (#37)A player standing outside the non-volley zone (NVZ) volleys the ball, but begins to lose her balance. To prevent stepping into the NVZ, she jumps over the corner and into the out of bounds area, then touches a net post while the ball is still live. A fault should be called. True. False. 50. (#59) When the Drop Serve is used, there is no rule stating the ball must be served before the second bounce. True False 51. (#64)A player standing behind the non-volley zone line stretches low to return the ball before it bounces. After starting her swing, her paddle scrapes the NVZ court surface just before making contact with the ball. This is a fault because the paddle touched the non-volley zone during the swing. True False 52. (#118)In a match with line judges, what line(s) are the players responsible for calling on the serve? A. No lines. B. NVZ (short serves). C. Baseline, sideline and centerline. D. Centerline. 53. (#1)If a served ball touches the net and then hits the receiver's partner, who is clearly standing outside of receiver's service area, what is the call? A. Replay. B. Fault on the server. C. Serving team wins the point. 54. (#7) A ball in play that contacts a permanent object after it has bounced on the opponent's court will result in a dead ball and the player who hit the ball shall win the rally. True False 55. (#167) (New in 2023).In a doubles match, Team A is ahead at 5-4-1 with Player A1 having served for 4 straight points. Player A2 serves for 2 more points to reach 7-4-2 before losing a rally. It should be side-out, but player A1 serves a second time and wins the next rally while no one recognized the error. The score is now 8-4-2 and player A1 serves again when the referee realizes Player A1 served twice. What is the correct ruling at this point? A. All points served count, including the eighth point on Player A1’s second serve. B. It is now side-out, with Team B serving at 4-8-1. C. Team A loses their last point scored and the score is now 4-7-1 with Team B serving. D. Both A and B. 56. (#67) Players may overrule a referee's line call if it is to their own team's disadvantage. True. False. 57. (#28) Any decision or ruling by a referee, including a judgment call, may be appealed by a player to the head referee or tournament director. True False 58. (#114)In a gold medal match with line judges, a player calls a ball “out”. The line judge shows the blocked signal. The referee is unable to make a call. What should the referee do? A. Solicit the remaining line judges to help with the call. B. Let the player’s “out” call stand. C. If a call could not be made by the officiating team the ball is considered in. D. If a call could not be made by the officiating team the rally should be replayed. E. Both A and D. 59. (#98) New in 2023.Players are required to use a regular time-out for equipment changes. True. False. 60. (#126)Before a match, one player complains that he is having difficulty seeing the orange balls that have been provided. You’ve heard other players also complaining about the ball color. The player asks if they can switch to yellow balls telling you that he has asked his opponents and they all agree. What is your ruling? A. You allow the ball color change since all 4 players agree. B. You do not allow the ball color change. 61. (#113)In a doubles match a player hits a ball close to the opponent's sideline. After the ball bounces the opponent calls the ball "out" and the opponent's partner says "good shot". The referee is unable to make a call upon appeal. Which of the following statements is correct? A, Doubt was created with the "good shot" call so the ball was in. B. The "good shot" call is not a line call, so the "out" call stands. C. Since the referee can't make a call, the rally should be replayed. 62. (#65) After the serve, if players suspect a ball is broken or cracked, play must continue until the end of the rally. True False 63. (#139)Team A forfeits the first game of a best-of-three match to 11, but comes back to win the second game 11-7. In the third game, player A2 gets injured and requires a medical time-out with his team ahead 10-5. After the fifteen minute medical time-out, A2 cannot continue and must retire. How should the final scores be recorded? A. 11-0, 7-11, 11-0 B. 11-0, 7-11, 5-10 C. 11-0, 7-11, 12-10 D. 11-0, 11-0 64. (#153)Team A serves the ball. Team B hits a very sharply angled ball that catches the top of the net and rolls along it towards the sideline. The ball continues to roll along the top of the net, then contacts the net post. The ball then ricochets off the net post and falls in bounds on team A’s end of the court. Team A is unable to make a play on the ball. What is the result of the rally? A. Team A wins the rally. B. Team B wins the rally. C. Replay the rally. 65. (#97) New in 2023.Which of the following would not result in a fault? A. An incorrect score is called and before the return of serve a player stops play to challenge the score. B. After the return of serve, a player stops play to have a wrong score call corrected. C. A player stops play before the return of serve to challenge a correct score call. 66. (#61) After the rally has ended, if a line judge shows the blocked signal, the referee may immediately make a call if they clearly saw the ball land. The referee must wait for a player appeal before the remaining line judges may be asked to make a call. True. False. 67. (#117)A referee is empowered to charge a verbal warning to each team (each player in a singles match) once per match, provided that team has not previously been issued a technical warning or a technical foul. True. False. 68. (#2)The event-provided starting server form of identification must be worn: A. Where it is clearly visible to the referee and the players. B. On the paddle hand. C. On the non-paddle hand. D. On the shoe. 69. (#149)In matches involving line judges, a line judge who shows two arms clasped together above the head indicates which signal? A. Safety issue. B. Coaching. C. Player out of position or incorrect server/receiver. 70. (#26)Any ball that cannot be called "out" must be presumed to be "in." True. False. 71. (#103)In a 2 out of 3 match, Team A wins the first game 11-7. During game 2, Team A is losing 9-2 and is assessed a rule-based forfeit. What score(s) should be recorded on the scoresheet? A. 7-11, 11-2, 11-0 B. 7-11, 11-0, 11-0 C. 11-0, 11-0 D. 11-7, 2-11, 0-11 72. (#93) New in 2023.Imparting spin during the release of the ball prior to striking the ball to serve is a fault and applies to both the volley serve and the drop serve. True. False. 73. (#79)When doubles partners disagree on a line call, (one calls the ball "out" and the other calls the ball 'in") either player may appeal to the referee for a ruling. The appeal to the referee can be made AFTER both players have made their line calls. True. False. 74. (#31)Players may call faults on themselves or line calls to their disadvantage during or after the completion of a rally. True. False. 75. (#88)In a match to 21, teams have 3 time-outs available. True. False. You have come to the end of the Referee Test. If you would like to return to any questions to review your answers, please use the “Previous” buttons at the bottom of each page. If you are ready to submit the test, please click the “Submit” button below.