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Welcome to the Referee Test!
This 2023 online Referee Test is Phase I of the USA Pickleball Referee Training/Certification program. It tests your knowledge of the USA Pickleball Official Tournament Rulebook and the USA Pickleball officiating best practice procedures contained in the 2023 Officiating Handbook. It is recommended that you study these training materials prior to taking the test. As a prerequisite for the Referee Certification program, you must achieve a passing score of 90% or better on this test.
The test consists of 75 questions with a 60-minute time limit. The 75 questions are drawn from a pool of 100+ questions. The questions are shuffled at the beginning of each test, so no two tests are exactly the same. In addition, new questions are frequently added.
Pick a time to take the quiz when you can complete all the questions without interruption because the test will automatically close after 60 minutes. The test will also close when you click the "Submit" button at the end of the test, so answer all questions before submitting.
Upon completion, your score will be displayed along with your answers and the correct answer for each question you answered incorrectly. You will also receive a follow-up email showing your test score.
(#113)In a doubles match a player hits a ball close to the opponent's sideline. After the ball bounces the opponent calls the ball "out" and the opponent's partner says "good shot". The referee is unable to make a call upon appeal. Which of the following statements is correct?
(#135)Examples of a hinder include, but are not limited to, which of the following?
(#94) New in 2023.If the referee is uncertain whether a server has violated any of the 3 components for a legal volley serve, the referee may immediately stop play and order a re-serve.
(#162) (New in 2023).A player requests a medical time-out and the referee summons the medical personnel. After several minutes, before medical personnel arrive, the player determines they can continue play. The referee determines that the player is safe to resume play and should do the following:
(#15)To be considered legal, a serve must be made so that contact with the ball is not made above waist level, the arm must be moving in an upward arc and the paddle head must not be higher than the server's wrist when it strikes the ball. (Drop Serve exception noted)
(#4) After game 1 has ended, Team A changes their starting server (and form of identification) but does not inform the referee or the opponents of the change. At the start of game 2, Team A serves the ball to start the game with the player wearing the form of identification. Should a fault be called?
(#122)A player’s paddle breaks during pre-match warm up. He doesn’t have a spare and asks if he can go to the vendor area to purchase a new paddle. What is your response?
(#61) After the rally has ended, if a line judge shows the blocked signal, the referee may immediately make a call if they clearly saw the ball land. The referee must wait for a player appeal before the remaining line judges may be asked to make a call.
(#123)You’ve announced “15 Seconds. Game 2. Time In”. One player is still walking to his side of the net when he realizes he has forgotten his water bottle and towel. He heads over to retrieve them from his opponents end of the court and yells “Time Out Ref.” Should you grant the time out?
(#78)Player A volleys a ball that hits the top of the net and then falls over and hits the horizontal bar. Just before the ball hits the horizontal bar, the opponent, Player Z, crosses the plane of the net. The referee should call a fault on Player Z since the crossing of the plane occurred before the ball hit the horizontal bar.
(#40)Per the rulebook, in doubles play when making a line call, which of the following phrases confirm that doubt exists?
(#47)A player is hitting a two-handed stroke (where both hands are in contact with the paddle) when his right hand is hit by the ball below the wrist. The ball is still in play.
(#84) When a rally is over, a player may appeal an opponent's line call to the referee until what point in time?
(#72)In a 2-out-of-3 match, if a team commits 2 technical warnings and a technical foul (listed in 13.G.2), the match shall be forfeited.
(#55)Per the Officiating Handbook, which statements are true? 1. A referee should refrain from making derogatory comments about players on social media. 2. A referee should refrain from making complimentary comments about players on social media.
(#101)The paddle length cannot exceed 17 inches.
(#52)In a 2-out-of-3 match, the starting server will always begin the game serving from the right-hand court.
(#105)At what point in time can a player/team withdraw from a match?
(#54)After a rally has ended, the referee holds up her hand indicating that she is about to call the score. The server then serves the ball before the referee starts to call the score. This is a fault.
(#6)When a player commits a technical foul, one point shall always be deducted from the offending player's score.
(#13)If a served ball hits the net and lands on the non-volley zone line, it is considered a "Let" and a replay will be called.
(#96) New in 2023.If the wrong score is called, any player may stop play before the return of serve to correct the score.
(#71)It is a fault if a player, while in the act of volleying, collides with their partner, and the momentum created as a result of the volley, causes the partner to enter into the non-volley zone.
(#120)Team B is down 0-9-2 and hits the serve into the net. Side out. The server for team B angrily throws his paddle across the court into the net and calls time-out. You call a technical foul. The score is now 10-0-1. When play resumes after the time-out, who should be serving for Team A and from which side?
(#29) In a match with a referee, after a rally has completed, a player notices that the ball is cracked and steps on it and crushes it. What should the referee do if they saw this happen?
(#73) When using the Drop Serve, the server may not impart any upward or downward force when the ball is released.
(#56)The rules allow for a "game forfeit" under certain conditions. In a 2-out-of-3 match, if a player takes a valid medical time-out and cannot continue play after the time limit has ended, a game forfeit shall be declared.
(#27) In a 2-out-of-3 match, a referee may impose a game forfeit when a player fails to report to play 10 minutes after the match has been called. A match forfeit shall be imposed when a player fails to report to play 15 minutes after the match has been called.
(#160) (New in 2023).A heavy wind causes a ball to roll down the billowed side of the net before it bounces. Which of the following statements are correct?
(#76) Other than on the serve, if a ball goes over the net and bounces on the court and then hits the center base, horizontal bar, or gets caught between the net and horizontal bar, a replay shall be called.
(#153)Team A serves the ball. Team B hits a very sharply angled ball that catches the top of the net and rolls along it towards the sideline. The ball continues to roll along the top of the net, then contacts the net post. The ball then ricochets off the net post and falls in bounds on team A’s end of the court. Team A is unable to make a play on the ball. What is the result of the rally?
(#16)When a time-out is called, the referee should advise all players to place their paddles on the court.
(#104)In a 2 out of 3 match, Team A wins the first game 11-7. During game 2, Team A is losing 9-2 and elects to retire. What score(s) should be recorded on the scoresheet?
(#36) The server may start their service motion during the calling of the score. The server may NOT serve the ball until the score has been completely called.
(#64)A player standing behind the non-volley zone line stretches low to return the ball before it bounces. After starting her swing, her paddle scrapes the NVZ court surface just before making contact with the ball. This is a fault because the paddle touched the non-volley zone during the swing.
(#42)Per the Officiating Handbook, when is a referee allowed to use "common sense" on judgments made during a match?
(#31)Players may call faults on themselves or line calls to their disadvantage during or after the completion of a rally.
(#30)Players may not use time-outs or a medical time-out to delay the start of a match. A match cannot begin until all players are present. After the match has started ("Game 1, time-in, 0-0-2") time-outs or a medical time-out may be taken.
(#167) (New in 2023).In a doubles match, Team A is ahead at 5-4-1 with Player A1 having served for 4 straight points. Player A2 serves for 2 more points to reach 7-4-2 before losing a rally. It should be side-out, but player A1 serves a second time and wins the next rally while no one recognized the error. The score is now 8-4-2 and player A1 serves again when the referee realizes Player A1 served twice. What is the correct ruling at this point?
(#28) Any decision or ruling by a referee, including a judgment call, may be appealed by a player to the head referee or tournament director.
(#51)During a rally, Player A's hat flies off his head and is headed toward the ground. Which statement below is false?
(#154)A player may legally break the plane of the net to hit a ball only after the ball has bounced on that player’s side of the net and traveled back across the net plane to the opponent’s side.
(#22)During the serve, when the ball is struck, the server's feet shall not touch the area outside the imaginary extension of the sideline or the centerline, or touch the court, including the baseline.
(#44) After the score is called, if the serving team changes service courts, the referee shall stop play and allow all players to reposition. If the server serves before the referee starts to recall the score, a fault should not be called.
(#117)A referee is empowered to charge a verbal warning to each team (each player in a singles match) once per match, provided that team has not previously been issued a technical warning or a technical foul.
(#118)In a match with line judges, what line(s) are the players responsible for calling on the serve?
(#62)Other than non-volley zone violations, faults may only be committed when the ball is live and in-play.
(#110)Who has the authority to remove a line judge?
(#68) After the rally has ended, if a line judge shows the blocked signal, the referee may immediately make a call if they clearly saw the ball land. The referee may also canvass the remaining line judges to help make the call if they did not clearly see the ball land. The referee does not have to wait on a player's appeal to canvass the remaining line judges.
(#74)When a server uses the Drop Serve, the receiver may call for a replay if they did not see the release of the ball. The "call for a replay" must happen before the receiver returns the serve.
(#59) When the Drop Serve is used, there is no rule stating the ball must be served before the second bounce.
(#100)The combined length and width of a paddle, including any edge guard and butt cap, shall not exceed 26 inches.
(#79)When doubles partners disagree on a line call, (one calls the ball "out" and the other calls the ball 'in") either player may appeal to the referee for a ruling. The appeal to the referee can be made AFTER both players have made their line calls.
(#85) After a match has ended, if an incorrect server or incorrect server position is discovered, the error may be corrected until what point in time?
(#88)In a match to 21, teams have 3 time-outs available.
(#3)Any player may indicate "Not Ready" prior to the start of the score being called.
(#80)When the Drop Serve is used, after the ball bounces, the server must contact the ball before it ascends higher than waist level.
(#158)Team A and Team B are both at the NVZ line engaged in an intense firefight. Player A1 smashes a ball at player B1 with the ball sailing out of bounds. The ball did not hit player B1, but in their attempt to spin out of the way, their sunglasses fell off the top of their head and landed in the NVZ. This would result in a fault on Player B1 and Team A would win the rally.
(#91) A player makes an "out" call but then asks her partner if he agrees with the call. The partner says he did not clearly see the ball land. Since the partner did not state that the ball was "in", this does not constitute "creating doubt" and the initial "out" call of the player will stand
(#89) When using the Dual Referee Option (2 Ref System), in a match without line judges, if the lead referee cannot clearly make a line call, after an appeal by a player, they should always solicit the opinion of the 2nd referee.
(#5) In a match with line judges, if the officiating team cannot make a line call, a replay shall be called.
(#46) There is no rule preventing a server from using either style of serving (Volley or Drop Serve) at any point during a match. There is no rule stating that the server must give a notification when and if they switch serving styles.
(#43) When the referee calls the score, the 10-second count begins. If the server asks if they are the correct server, the referee should stop play, answer the question and recall the score and begin a new 10-second count.
(#69)The instant after the ball is served, the server is allowed to step on the baseline or court.
(#90) Referees may eject or expel players for egregious behavior if the behavior happens during the match.
(#23)A. If one player calls the ball "out" and the partner calls the ball "in", the ball shall be considered "in". B. There is no written rule stating if one player calls the ball "out" and the partner says, "I'm not sure", "I don't know", etc., the ball shall be considered "in".
(#128)Because a player can become not ready up until the moment you begin calling the score, you should start your score call while looking at the receiver and move your eyes to the server as you call the score (in time to watch the service motion and foot placement).
(#136)Examples of a distraction may include, but are not limited to, which of the following?
(#67) Players may overrule a referee's line call if it is to their own team's disadvantage.
(#133)A hinder is defined as any physical actions by a player that are not common to the game that, in the judgment of the referee, may interfere with the opponent’s ability or concentration to hit the ball.
(#108)In a non-officiated match what faults can a player call on an opponent that would result in a replay?
(#1)If a served ball touches the net and then hits the receiver's partner, who is clearly standing outside of receiver's service area, what is the call?
(#134)A distraction is defined as any transient element or occurrence not caused by a player that adversely impacts play, not including permanent objects.
(#156)In a dual-refereed match, a player can appeal directly to the second referee. If that referee saw the ball clearly, he can make a ruling.
(#53) Players may overrule line calls to their own disadvantage. This includes the overrule of the opponent, line judges, and even their partner. This includes an overrule of a referee's clear "in" or "out" call.
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